With the advent of the summer, many children are exposed to gastroenteritis, which may cause dehydration in infants, which is one of the most serious complications for the health of the infant. What is gastroenteritis in infants.
Intestinal catarrh is an infection in the intestine, and it causes an impairment of the intestine’s ability to absorb food, so it comes out in a liquid form without the benefit of the body from it.
Infection of the infant’s stomach with indigestion with severe diarrhea is the result of milk contamination during the preparation of artificial infant and the mother’s focus on increasing the amount of artificial milk powder, and she believes that it helps the growth of her baby and this is an expected error; Because the increase in artificial milk powder may cause indigestion and difficulty swallowing, digesting and vomiting, and may cause severe diarrhea for the child, which can lead to dry stomach.
Also, the failure to wash fruits and vegetables well before preparing them is one of the most important causes of developing gastroenteritis for the infant; Because it may cause germs and parasites infection in the baby’s stomach and intestine.
The incidence of gastroenteritis in infants is higher than that of the older child, because the infant in the first year to three years has a weak immune system, which makes him more vulnerable to this disease.
Intestinal flu is one of the most important diseases that affect infants with weather changes. It occurs as a result of the child being exposed to the infection transmitted to him from his parents or who carries it, especially when he touches a hand contaminated with the infant’s hand and puts the latter in his mouth, this causes it to be transferred to him, and also as a result of not washing the mother’s hands When she feeds her baby or while she changes diapers, she can transfer germs to him. Infectious bacterial infection may also affect a child’s stomach due to eating some harmful foods that are not fully cooked also because of eating sweets or foods that are not appropriate for a child’s age and which can affect his stomach with gastroenteritis.
Types of viral infections and bacterial and parasitic
- The cause here is parasites, such as dysentery, the symptoms are lighter than bacterial, and are:
- Diarrhea in small quantities, which is difficult and often accompanied by mucus or blood in the stool.
Bacterial intestinal influenza:
It is caused by a bacterial infection, and the symptoms are more severe than the viral gastroenteritis, and are:
- The child’s temperature rises violently.
- Diarrhea is more intense and smells strong.
- Severe stomach discomfort
- Child’s lethargy and general poor condition.
- Since the child suffers from violent diarrhea and vomiting, here it is more prone to dehydration, and the infant may need to be hospitalized.
- Since the infection is bacterial, here it is not enough to treat the symptoms only, and the doctor gives the child antibiotics to attack the bacteria that cause the gastroenteritis.
- It occurs as a result of infection with a viral infection and shows the child some symptoms, most notably:
- Frequent diarrhea.
- High temperature.
- Its danger is that the child is exposed to frequent diarrhea and vomiting, which exposes him to dehydration, the effect of which may lead to death as a result of the body’s loss of many fluids. The virus can be treated; Because it has a life cycle that takes its time and ends.
- Breastfeeding your child at least in the first year of his birth, because breast milk from breastfeeding is one of the most important natural remedies that strengthen the immune system and prevent your child from having many diseases, the most important of which is gastroenteritis.
- Ensure that the infant is given a vaccination against gastroenteritis in the first months of the child’s life.
- The use of protective creams against dissections in the diaper area, which increases the incidence rate with diarrhea in infants, giving the child light fluids and starchy foods, and consult a specialist doctor to obtain appropriate treatment for each child, according to the severity of the condition.