Novel coronavirus: Your questions, answered
What are the symptoms of COVID 19?
The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough.
Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually.
Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don’t feel unwell.
Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment.
Around 1 out of every 6 people who get COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develop difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness.
People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.
How does COVID 19 spread?
People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when a person with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. Other people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People can also catch COVID-19 if they breathe in droplets from a person with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets.
This is why it is important to stay more than 1 meter (3 feet) away from a person who is sick.
How can you protect yourself from COVID 19 infection?
- Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
- Maintain at least 1-meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
- Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
- Cover your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze then dispose of the used tissue immediately.
- Stay home if you feel unwell.
- Avoid traveling especially if you are an older person or have diabetes, heart or lung disease.
Is there any medication that can prevent COVID 19 infection?
Up till now there is no evidence that current medicine can prevent or cure the disease.
WHO (World Health Organization) does not recommend self-medication with any medicines, including antibiotics.
Should we wear masks to protect ourselves?
Wear a mask if you are ill with COVID-19 symptoms (especially coughing) or looking after someone who may have COVID-19. Disposable face mask can only be used once.
You can also wear a mask if you can’t keep social distancing.
Can we get infection from animals?
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in animals.
Occasionally, people get infected with these viruses which may then spread to other people.
Are children vulnerable for COVID 19 infection?
There is no evidence that children are less vulnerable, however, the number of COVID 19 positive cases in children are less and their symptoms are milder in most cases.
Asymptomatic undiagnosed cases might explain this.