Millions of people have heart attacks each year. A heart attack, or myocardial infarction (MI), is permanent damage to the heart muscle. “Myo” means muscle, “cardial” refers to the heart, and “infarction” means death of tissue due to lack of blood supply.
Heart attacks are usually treatable when diagnosed quickly. However, without treatment, heart attacks can be fatal... now we have landed in Yemen, as we had a small interview with one of the world’s best cardiologists; Prof.Mohammed Al Kebesii; he was very generous to answer our questions.
What is the heart attack symptoms?
Well, there are wide range of symptoms variation. They can vary from person to person, and they may not always be sudden or severe. Discomfort or pain in chest. This can often feel like a heaviness, tightness or pressure. People who have had a heart attack have commonly described it as like “an elephant sitting on my chest”, “a belt that’s been tightened around my chest” or “bad indigestion”. The discomfort may spread to different parts of your upper body. Discomfort in your arm, shoulder, neck, jaw or back. You may have a choking feeling in your throat. Your arms may feel heavy or useless. Other symptoms like short of breath or cold sweat. Some people have also described feeling generally unwell or “not quite right”. Symptoms can come on suddenly or develop over minutes and get progressively worse. They usually last for at least 10 minutes.
As it’s Women Year in Egypt, what is the best prevention methods for women’s heart?
Well this is very important Q because when the women get diabetes, they have high incidence of risk factor such as dyslipidemia and others. This explains why the diabetic women have premature coronary artery disease than men. So caring for your heart through a healthy diet and regular physical activity is the secret weapon to preventing heart disease. While many may assume that taking a few pills that your healthcare provider prescribed is enough to quell symptoms or prevent a heart attack, the real preventative power lies with real changes to your lifestyle, which can reduce the risk for heart disease by as much as 80 percent.
What is the best prevention advice you can give us? How to keep your heart healthy?
First get active as daily physical activity increases your length and quality of life. Eat better Healthy foods. Manage blood pressure so when your blood pressure stays within healthy ranges, you reduce the strain on your heart. If you are overweight or obese, you can reduce your risk for heart disease by successfully losing weight. If you smoke, quitting is the best thing you can do for your health. If you are diabetic, keep in contact with your physician.
What motivated you to come to Egypt & share your knowledge with Egyptian physicians?
Being a part of CardiolAlex international faculty is an honor per se. CardioAlex is the largest and most important educational conference specialized in cardiovascular field which gathers the international community and bring famous speakers all over the world. It gives chance for sharing knowledge and experience of different countries in the field of cardiology and intervention.
What is your advice for the Egyptian young physicians?
As I said earlier, it is the most important educational conference. It is the most comprehensive event so young physicians will have good chance to attend this meeting and learn what is updated in cardiology
What is new in your topic this year?
Well, I will speak about Management of cardiovascular risk factors in diabetes. The Middle East is heading in the right direction in managing and treating diabetes. “But more effort is needed for the management of patients affected by diabetes which will help prevent the onset of serious complications including strokes and heart attacks. Therefore, I will highlight what is new and what the guidelines say in management of risk factors in diabetic patients such as hypertension, dyslipidaemia, smoking and obesity.